Overview Laser hair removal is a procedure that uses focused beams of light to remove undesirable body hair.
Laser hair removal involves the use of light to remove pigment from the hair.
Light energy is converted into heat which damages the hair-producing tubular follicles (hair follicles) in the skin.
This damage can cause hair loss. While laser hair removal is effective at slowing hair growth over a long period of time, it usually does not result in permanent hair removal.
Initial hair removal requires multiple laser hair removal treatments and may also require maintenance treatments. Laser hair removal is most effective People with light skin and dark hair but it can be used successfully on all skin types.
Why it’s done
Laser hair removal is used to diminish undesirable hair. Common treatment sites include the underarms of the legs the upper lip and chin and the bikini line. However unwanted hair can be treated in almost any area except the eyelids or the surrounding area.
Skin with tattoos should also not be treated. Hair color and skin type can have an impact on the effectiveness of laser hair removal. The rationale is that the pigment of the hair not the pigment of the skin should absorb light. The laser should only damage the hair follicles without damaging the skin. Hence the contrast between hair and hair Skin tones – dark hair and light skin – will give the best results.
The risk of skin damage is greater when there is little contrast between hair and skin color but advances in laser technology have made laser hair removal an option for those with darker skin.Hair removal using lasers is less effective for hair colors that are not dark enough to absorb light well. gray-red Blonde and white.There continue to be developments in laser hair removal options for people with light skin tones.
The risk of side effects varies by skin type hair color treatment plan and adherence to pre- and post-treatment care. The most expected side effects of laser hair removal can include:
- Skin allergies. Temporary uncomfortable redness and swelling may occur after laser hair removal. Any symptoms and signs usually disappear within a few hours.
- Pigment changes. Laser hair removal may darken or lighten the affected skin. These changes may be temporary or permanent. Skin lightening mainly affects those who do not avoid sun exposure before and after treatment as well as those with darker skin.
Rarely laser hair removal results in blistering scabbing scarring or other changes in skin texture.Some rare side effects of hair dyeing can include graying of treated hair or excessive hair growth in the treated area, especially on darker skin.
Laser hair removal is not recommended for use on the eyelids brows or surrounding areas because of the potential for serious eye injury.
How you prepare
If you are interested in laser hair removal choose a doctor who is board certified in a specialty such as dermatology or cosmetic surgery and has experience with laser hair removal for your skin type. If a physician assistant or licensed nurse will perform the procedure ensure that the physician supervises And can be used in the field during treatment. Beware of spa salons or other facilities that allow laser hair removal by non-medical personnel.
Before scheduling laser hair removal check with your doctor to determine if this is a treatment option for you. Your doctor may do the following:
- Review your medical history including medication use for skin disorders or scars and past hair removal procedures.
- Talk to a laser hair removal expert about the potential risks, benefits, and expectations of the treatment before getting started. Laser hair removal can remove a great deal of hair, but it isn’t always perfect. Discuss your goals for the treatment and any concerns you may have. You should be prepared to answer any questions your specialist may have. Getting the right treatment is important, so make sure you are fully informed before making a decision.
- Photographs for before and after evaluation and long-term review.
The treatment plan and associated costs are discussed in the consultation. Laser hair removal is usually an out-of-pocket cost.
The doctor will also provide specific instructions for preparing for laser hair removal. These may include:
- Keep away from sunlight.Follow your doctor’s advice when avoiding sun exposure before and after cancer treatment. Wear broad-spectrum SPF30 sunscreen whenever you go out. Whiten skin.
- Avoid any sunless skin lotions that darken your skin. Your doctor may also prescribe a skin bleaching cream if you have recently had tan or darker skin.
- Avoid other hair removal methods. Plucking waxing and electrolysis can interfere with hair follicles and should be avoided for at least 4 weeks prior to treatment.
- Avoid blood thinning medications. Ask your doctor which medications such as aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided before surgery.
- Shaving treatment area.It’s recommended to have your hair trimmed and shaved the day before laser treatment. It removes the hair above the skin which can cause superficial skin damage from burning hair but it keeps the hair shaft intact below the surface.
What you can expect
Laser hair removal usually requires two to six treatments. The interval between treatments will vary depending on the location. In areas with rapid hair growth such as the upper lip the treatment may be repeated in 4 to 8 weeks. In areas with slow hair growth such as back treatments Maybe every 12 to 16 weeks.
For each cure you will wear special goggles to protect your eyes from the laser ray. If necessary the assistant may shave the site again. Your doctor may apply a local anesthetic to your skin to reduce any discomfort during treatment.
During the procedure
Your doctor will press a handheld laser against your skin. Depending on the type of laser, a cooling device or gel can be used to protect your skin and reduce the risk of side effects.
When the doctor activates the laser, the laser beam will travel through your skin to the hair follicles. The intense heat from the laser beam damages the hair follicles and inhibits hair growth. You may feel discomfort such as warm needles You may feel cold cooling devices or gels.
Treating a small area like the upper lip may only take a few minutes. It can take over an hour to treat larger areas such as the back.
After the procedure
In the first few hours after laser hair removal, you may notice redness and swelling.
To reduce any discomfort, apply ice cubes to the treated area. If you experience a skin reaction immediately after laser hair removal, your doctor may apply a steroid cream to the affected area.
Avoid sun exposure after laser hair removal and between scheduled treatments, and do not use tanning beds or as directed by your doctor for six weeks. Use a broad-spectrum SPF30 sunscreen every day.
Hair doesn’t fall out immediately, but after a few days to a few weeks. This may look like constant hair growth. Repeated treatments are often necessary because hair growth and shedding occur naturally in a cycle, and laser treatments work best on hair follicles.
Results vary widely and are difficult to predict. Most people’s hair removal experience lasts months or even years. But removing body hair with laser is not permanent. When hair regrows, it is usually lighter and finer.
For long-term hair loss, you may need maintenance laser treatment.
What about home lasers?
Laser hair removal can be used at home. These devices may cause moderate hair loss. But no large studies have compared the effectiveness of these devices to laser hair removal performed in a doctor’s office.
Additionally, the FDA considers these at-home laser hair removal devices to be cosmetic rather than medical devices, meaning they do not receive the same level of scrutiny as other medical devices. There are no large-scale long-term studies on the drug’s safety and efficacy. Home machines are.
If you choose to use a home laser hair removal device, follow the instructions that came with the device to help reduce your risk of injury, especially to your eyes.