If you’re considering coloring or perming your hair, it’s essential to follow proper guidelines and precautions to ensure the health of your hair and scalp. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) offers the following tips to help you achieve the desired results while minimizing potential damage.
Select the right hair color:
Choose a color that is not too far from your natural shade to minimize potential damage. If you’re uncertain, consult with a professional hairstylist who can provide guidance and recommendations.
Perform a patch test:
Before applying the hair color or perm solution to your entire head, conduct a patch test on a small, hidden section of hair to check for any adverse reactions or allergies. Follow the product’s instructions for performing the patch test.
Follow the instructions:
Carefully read and follow the instructions on the hair color or perm product. Overprocessing or leaving the chemicals on your hair for too long can lead to hair breakage, scalp irritation, or undesired results.
Do not overlap:
If you’re retouching your hair color, avoid overlapping the new color with the previously treated hair. Overlapping can weaken the hair and lead to breakage.
Wait between treatments:
Allow ample time between coloring and perming to avoid overprocessing your hair. The AAD recommends waiting for at least one to two weeks between treatments.
Condition your hair: Coloring and perming can be drying to the hair, so use a deep conditioner regularly to maintain your hair’s moisture balance.
Avoid heat styling:
Limit the use of heat-styling tools, such as blow dryers, flat irons, and curling irons, as they can further damage colored or permed hair. Allow your hair to air-dry whenever possible and use a heat protectant spray if you must use heat-styling tools.
Be gentle when shampooing:
When washing your hair, use a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo designed for color-treated or chemically-treated hair. This will help maintain your hair color and keep your hair healthy.
Regular trims can help eliminate split ends and maintain the overall health of your hair. Aim to trim your hair every six to eight weeks.
Consult a professional:
If you’re unsure about coloring or perming your hair at home, it’s best to consult with a professional hairstylist. They can help you select the right products, techniques, and aftercare to achieve the desired results while minimizing potential damage.
By following these tips, you can enjoy the benefits of hair coloring and perming while maintaining the health and integrity of your hair.